The common name of Allium cepa is ‘onion’; known everywhere in the world and Indians commonly call it ‘piyaz’.  A method for efficiently differentiating LFS− and LFS+ onions has been developed based on mass spectrometry, with potential application in high-volume production; gas chromatography is also used to measure lachrymatory factor in onions. Common onions are normally available in three colour varieties: While the large, mature onion bulb is most often eaten, onions can be eaten at immature stages. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to Quantity. No cure for this fungal disease exists, so affected plants should be removed and destroyed and the ground used for unrelated crops in subsequent years. Potato onions differ from shallots in forming larger bulbs with fewer bulbs per cluster, and having a flattened (onion-like) shape.  Onions are therefore commonly used in science education to teach the use of a microscope for observing cell structure. Onion is not only food but also a medicine. ; Denton, O.A. Summer, Autumn, Spring.  Onions were used in Egyptian burials, as evidenced by onion traces found in the eye sockets of Ramesses IV. A mixture of onion juice along with honey can help in common cold. Parts used: The bulbs. It is resistant to damage by deer and rabbits and can be planted near black walnut trees.  It has been grown for centuries in Japan and China for use as a salad onion. • Immunomodulatory / Anti-Asthmatic / Allium cepa and Quercetin: Study evaluated the effect of Allium cepa extract (AcE) and quercetin (Qt) on cytokine and on smooth muscle contraction in vitro and its therapeutic potential in a murine model of asthma. Onions require a high level of nutrients in the soil. The more often one chops onions, the less one experiences eye irritation. viviparum (Metz) Mansf. General Information. Dilution Clear. There are dozens of cultivars of the onion (Allium cepa), one of the most widely cultivated species of the genus Allium, But there are also other species cultivated as 'onions'.Many are named after the first person to breed them, or the locality they came from. lisboanum Alef. , Onions suffer from a number of plant disorders. multiplicans L.H. Family: Lilliaceae. What is the common name of allium cepa? Taxonomic Tree. , Traces of onions recovered from Bronze Age settlements in China suggest that onions were used as far back as 5000 BC, not only for their flavour, but the bulb's durability in storage and transport. Sun; Coastal; Flowering Season.  Pearl and boiler onions may be cooked as a vegetable rather than as an ingredient and pickler onions are often preserved in vinegar as a long-lasting relish.. They have a flavor described as somewhere between onion and garlic. The crop is prone to attack by a number of pests and diseases, particularly the onion fly, the onion eelworm, and various fungi which can cause rotting. Alef. praecox Alef. , Routine care during the growing season involves keeping the rows free of competing weeds, especially when the plants are young. The bulb is an edible vegetable and is the most commonly used part of the onion, usually consumed after cooking although it can be eaten fresh. Its ancestral wild original form is not known, although escapes from cultivation have become established in some regions. , The onion eelworm (Ditylenchus dipsaci), a tiny parasitic soil-living nematode, causes swollen, distorted foliage. Preferred Common Name. Light: Allium cepa will do best in full sun but can be grown in partial shade. proliferum (Moench) Regel : Allium X proliferum (Moench) Schrad. In addition, users can learn about the location of vouchered specimens and see images to get a better visual for each plant. The person may be sleepy, find it difficult to concentrate, or feel foggy with the coryza. The tree onion or Egyptian onion produces bulblets in the umbel instead of flowers, and is now known to be a hybrid of A. cepa and A. fistulosum. proliferum (Moench) Regel : Allium X proliferum (Moench) Schrad. It has previously been treated as a variety of A. cepa, for example A. cepa var. This should be taken into account as some of the information may now be considered inaccurate, or not in accordance with modern medicine. They are fleshy, hollow, and cylindrical, with one flattened side. The name "wild onion" is applied to a number of Allium species, but A. cepa is exclusively known from cultivation. They are at their broadest about a quarter of the way up, beyond which they taper towards a blunt tip. China, India, and the United States are the world’s top producers of onions, …  Bulbing onions are day-length sensitive; their bulbs begin growing only after the number of daylight hours has surpassed some minimal quantity. aggregatum Preferred Common Name; shallot Taxonomic Tree; Domain: Eukaryota Kingdom: Plantae Phylum: Spermatophyta Subphylum: Angiospermae Class: Monocotyledonae; Uses List; Spices and culinary herbs; Vegetable Use bulbs for soups, salad dressing, vegetable dishes, and casseroles. General information about Allium cepa (ALLCE) Possibly of Central Asian origin. ", The vast majority of cultivars of A. cepa belong to the "common onion group" (A. cepa var. Yellow, red and white-skinned varieties are available, with more or less pronounced flavour and keeping abilities. Dig shallots with a garden fork to prevent damage and allow to dry or "cure" for 2-3 weeks before using. Grubben, G.J.H. Common Name. Onion powder is a seasoning widely used when the fresh ingredient is not available. ×cornutum. cepa) and are usually referred to simply as "onions". Top Answer. Genus. bulbiferum Regel : Allium cepa var.  However, Zohary and Hopf state that "there are doubts whether the A. vavilovii collections tested represent genuine wild material or only feral derivatives of the crop. Onion is not only food but also a medicine. They form aggregate clusters of small, narrowly ovoid to pear-shaped bulbs. Allium fistulosum, the Welsh onion, also commonly called bunching onion, long green onion, Japanese bunching onion, and spring onion, is a species of perennial plant, often considered to be a kind of scallion..  Symptoms can include contact dermatitis, intense itching, rhinoconjunctivitis, blurred vision, bronchial asthma, sweating, and anaphylaxis. Light: Allium cepa will do best in full sun but can be grown in partial shade. LOCAL NAMES: Alubosa, Albasa, Yabase, Albasa gudaji. solaninum Alef. Mother tincture of Allium cepa is prepared from the fresh red bulbs of onion. Allium cepa var. Allium cepa quantity - + Add to cart. Scallions are a different species, Allium fistulosum. Kingdom: Plantae. Effect of Allium Cepa and Allium Sativum on Some Immunological Cells in Rats / Tatfeng Y Mirabeau and Enitan S Samson / Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. , Because the wild onion is extinct and ancient records of using onions span western and eastern Asia, the geographic origin of the onion is uncertain, with likely domestication worldwide. Phosphorus is often present in sufficient quantities, but may be applied before planting because of its low level of availability in cold soils. Acorus calamus: Araceae: Sweet flag, myrtle flag, calamus, flag root: Rhizome: 2. The bulbs can be gathered when needed to eat fresh, but if they will be stored, they are harvested after the leaves have died back naturally. 80 pellets. Allium Cepa (All-c.) is a key remedy for either infectious or allergic coryza (catarrhal inflammation of the mucous membranes of the nose). A. fistulosum, however, does not develop bulbs, and … Botanical name: Allium cepa 'Sturon' Common name: Onion ; Family: Alliaceae ; Key features: Prefers rich soil Bulbing onions can be used all year round, either fresh from the garden or storage. Dilution Clear. Country of Origin: known only in cultivation, but wild relatives from central Asia Description: (Proliferum group) A perennial that produces onions. viviparum (Metz.) Common Names: “onion”, including all cooking varieties: yellow onion, Spanish onion, red globe onion, white onion, sweet onion. Because onion seeds are short-lived, fresh seeds germinate more effectively when sown in shallow drills, then thinning the plants in stages. Sandy loams are good as they are low in sulphur, while clayey soils usually have a high sulphur content and produce pungent bulbs. The bulbs are smaller than those of common onions, and a single plant forms an aggregate cluster of several bulbs from a master. Storage: The bulbs must be stored in … Allium cepa is usually thought of as a vegetable, It is also has a long history of medicinal use. The fly is attracted to the crop by the smell of damaged tissue and is liable to occur after thinning. Store in mesh bags or crates for good air circulation. Bulbs have golden brown skins and a good flavour, and store well into winter. Scientific name i: Allium cepa: Taxonomy navigation › Allium. Onion (Allium cepa) is found in various regions of Europe, America, Asia, and Africa and is the most widely cultivated species of the genus Allium, although other species are also referred to as onions, ... Botanical name of the plant Family Common name Name of plant part used as spice; 1. … , Considerable differences exist between onion varieties in phytochemical content, particularly for polyphenols, with shallots having the highest level, six times the amount found in Vidalia onions. 80 pellets. Occurs as an escape from cultivation They have a flavor described as somewhere between onion and garlic. However, it is not a legal authority for …  Yellow onions have the highest total flavonoid content, an amount 11 times higher than in white onions. Allium cepa L. subg. Allium cepa. ×cornutum). This is caused by the release of a volatile liquid, syn-propanethial-S-oxide and its aerosol, which stimulates nerves in the eye. aggregatum G. Don: ALCEC: Allium cepa L. var. In time, a dry rot sets in and the bulb becomes a dry, mummified structure. Bulbs are separated, and planted in the fall 1 in below the surface and 12 in apart. Common Name(s): Onion; Onions; Shallot; Shallots; Phonetic Spelling AL-ee-um see-puh This plant has low severity poison characteristics. In vitro antifungal activities of Allium cepa, Allium sativum and ketoconazole against some pathogenic yeasts and dermatophytes. USEFUL PART(s): Leaves, Bulb. Available in a multi-dose tube, with approx. Bulbs will multiply into clumps and can be harvested throughout the cooler months.  Common onions range from the pungent varieties used for dried soups and onion powder to the mild and hearty sweet onions, such as the Vidalia from Georgia, USA, or Walla Walla from Washington that can be sliced and eaten raw on a sandwich. Subphylum: Angiospermae. Common Name: Onion Scientific Name: Allium cepa Family Name: Alliaceae: Onion introduction & history. Wiki User Answered . Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), 5a, 5b, 6b, 6a, 7b, 7a, 8b, 8a, 9a, 9b, 10b, 10a. Onions are one of the world's most popular vegetables. As the onion matures, food reserves begin to accumulate in the leaf bases and the bulb of the onion swells. Common Name – Onion Similar to garlic, onions can show an additional colour – pink-red – after cutting, an effect caused by reactions of amino acids with sulfur compounds. Allium cepa var. Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. multiplicans L.H.Bailey (synonym) Allium cepa var. cepa L. Allium cepa var. These bulbs planted the following spring grow into mature bulbs later in the growing season. Use greens as you would use green onions or chives. Alliums are cool … General Information ... Allium cepa 'Perutile' is the everlasting onion with a growth habit similar to chives, it is usually evergreen and can supply fresh leaves all winter. Control measures may include crop rotation, the use of seed dressings, early sowing or planting, and the removal of infested plants. The base of each leaf is a flattened, usually white sheath that grows out of the basal plate of a bulb. They grows as a bulb with a fan of strong, upright, green, hollow leaves atop which appear a half globe of tiny white flowers. Large quantities of spores are produced and crust-like sclerotia may also develop. The bulbs are disfigured and rot, especially in wet weather. form a strategic partnership called N.C. $ 8.49 – $ 11.99. Scientific Name: Allium cepa Common Names: bulb onion or onion. It is more or less an acute drug. These bulbils have a nice strong onion flavour and can be used raw, cooked or pickled. Allium cepa : Other Source(s): Source: Liliaceae s.l. PROTA Foundation, Wageningen; Backhuys, Leiden; CTA, Wageningen. Bailey : Allium cepa var. Sun; Coastal; Flowering Season. Yellow, red and white-skinned varieties are available, with more or less pronounced flavour and keeping abilities. View abstract. Symptoms are worse in the evening and in warm rooms, and are improved by open air. There are very small genetic differences between 'Pran' and the Croatian clone 'Ljutika', implying a monophyletic origin for this species.. viviparum (Metzg.) and A. asarense (R.M. They are known by the common name “onion” but, used without qualifiers; it usually refers to Allium cepa.  Red onions have considerable content of anthocyanin pigments, with at least 25 different compounds identified representing 10% of total flavonoid content. bulbiferum, and A. cepa var. It is also known as ‘Pyaz’ in Hindi. Allium cepa var. The Aggregatum Group of cultivars (A. cepa var. The creamy bulbs are 2-3 inches long by 3-4 inches wide and depressed oval in shape. Phylum: Spermatophyta. Tops die back in the heat of summer and may return with heavy rains; bulbs can remain in the ground or be harvested and stored in a cool dry place for planting in the fall. Bulbing usually takes place after 12 to 18 weeks. , White rot of onions, leeks, and garlic is caused by the soil-borne fungus Sclerotium cepivorum. Varieties sown in spring (or earlier under glass) or grown from sets (small bulbs) are ready to harvest from late … ‘Golden Gourmet’ has larger and better quality bulbs than ‘Giant Yellow’, with reduced likelihood of bolting. Members of the Lilliaceae Family (Thumbnails): Allium canadense. Allergic reactions may not occur when eating cooked onions, possibly due to the denaturing of the proteins from cooking. proliferum (Moench) Regel: ALCES: Allium cepa L. var. Summer, Autumn, Spring. viviparum (Metz) Mansf. Shanking is a condition in which the central leaves turn yellow and the inner part of the bulb collapses into an unpleasant-smelling slime. Preferred Scientific Name; Allium cepa var. The most serious for the home gardener are likely to be the onion fly, stem and bulb eelworm, white rot, and neck rot. , Cooking onions and sweet onions are better stored at room temperature, optimally in a single layer, in mesh bags in a dry, cool, dark, well-ventilated location. These break down amino acid sulfoxides and generate sulfenic acids. , Additionally, onions may be bred and grown to mature at smaller sizes. No cure is known and affected plants should be uprooted and burned. Class: Monocotyledonae. They are propagated almost exclusively from daughter bulbs, although reproduction from seed is possible. Aframomum angustifolium: … N.C. Date added to the inventory : 11/03/2010. Common Name(s): garden onion [English] The most closely related species include A. vavilovii (Popov & Vved.) Diseases affecting the foliage include rust and smut, downy mildew, and white tip disease. Fruits & Vegetables Week: Allium cepa var. Porrum cepa (L.) Rchb. In vitro antifungal activities of Allium cepa, Allium sativum and ketoconazole against some pathogenic yeasts and dermatophytes. Onions are commonly chopped and used as an ingredient in various hearty warm dishes, and may also be used as a main ingredient in their own right, for example in French onion soup, creamed onions, and onion chutney. Finally, "short-day" onions, which have been developed in more recent times, are planted in mild-winter areas in the autumn and form bulbs in the early spring, and require only 11–12 hours of daylight to stimulate bulb formation. The onion is a cool season crop that will tolerate light frosts but not prolonged periods far below freezing.  Various clones of the triploid onion are grown locally in different regions, such as 'Ljutika' in Croatia, and 'Pran', 'Poonch', and 'Srinagar' in the India-Kashmir region. Find In Stores. Onions are cultivated and used around the world.  Refrigerating the onions before use reduces the enzyme reaction rate and using a fan can blow the gas away from the eyes. Traits. roseum Alef. Allium cepa quantity - + Add to cart.  According to texts collected in the fifth/sixth century AD under the authorial aegis of "Apicius" (said to have been a gourmet), onions were used in many Roman recipes. When an onion is harvested after bulbing has begun, but the onion is not yet mature, the plants are sometimes referred to as "summer" onions. New leaves appear and a long, stout, hollow stem expands, topped by a bract protecting a developing inflorescence. Asked by Wiki User. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees, insects. See below Description. viviparum. 25 26 27. Common Name: Onion. , Onions have particularly large cells that are readily observed under low magnification. NAME: Allium cepa. Modern varieties typically grow to a height of 15 to 45 cm (6 to 18 in).  The average pH of an onion is around 5.5. Symptoms of the homeopathic medicine ALLIUM CEPA from A Text Book of Materia Medica and Therapeutics by A.C. Cowperthwaite. Allium cepa var. ... Family: Liliacee. , The genus Allium also contains a number of other species variously referred to as onions and cultivated for food, such as the Japanese bunching onion (A. fistulosum), Egyptian onion (A. Lacrimal glands produce tears to dilute and flush out the irritant. This genus also contains several other species variously referred to as onions and cultivated for food, such as the Japanese bunching onion (Allium fistulosum), the tree onion (A. Consult with a medical professional for further details. Allium cepa is also known as the “garden onion” or “bulb” onion. Cepa vulgaris (L.) Garsault Kepa esculenta (L.) Raf. Also, they draw moisture from vegetables with which they are stored which may cause them to decay. Widely cultivated in Europe and Asia as a food and flavouring plant since ancient times, in numerous cultivated forms, and more recently worldwide. It is also known as ‘Pyaz’ in Hindi. Allium cepa var. ... Common Name: Chive Scientific Name: Allium schoenoprasum Family Name: Alliaceae: Chive introduction & history. Onion: Allium Cepa Onion is a term used for many plants in the genus Allium. Scientific Name: Allium cepa. 2009-09-18 01:30:51 2009-09-18 01:30:51. It is sharp and pungent in taste and has tonic, aphrodisiac, stomachic, appetizer, stimulant, diuretic, emmenagogue, and expectorant in action. The onion is a cultivated vegetable of great antiquity and is not known as a wild plant. Distribution and Habitat: Onions are cultivated globally in a wide range of climates. Allium cepa. Different localities often use their own common names for cultivars that are genetically almost identical. Habitat. Scientific Name Other Common Names; ALCEB: Allium cepa L. var. Allium cepa proliferum is the tree onion, it produces bulbils instead of flowers in the inflorescence. The bulbs are composed of shortened, compressed, underground stems surrounded by fleshy modified scale (leaves) that envelop a central bud at the tip of the stem. (synonym) Allium cepa var. Allium cepa, commonly called shallots, are considered essential in French cooking, with a flavor somewhere between onions and garlic. The dehydrated product is available as kibbled, sliced, ring, minced, chopped, granulated, and powder forms. Allium cepa aggregatum includes the shallot and the potato onion. If left in the soil over winter, the growing point in the middle of the bulb begins to develop in the spring.  Onions are a cool-weather crop and can be grown in USDA zones 3 to 9. It is caused by Botrytis allii, which attacks the neck and upper parts of the bulb, causing a grey mould to develop. The majority of cultivated varieties grown for dry bulbs, salad onions, and pickling onions belong to this group. aggregatum G. Don : Allium cepa var. The onion plant (Allium cepa), also known as the bulb onion or common onion, is the most widely cultivated species of the genus Allium. Name Onion; Scientific Name: Allium cepa: Native: Central Asia: Common/English Name: Bombay Onion, Brown Onion, Bulb Onion, Common Onion, Onion: Name in Other Languages GENERAL USES: Onions serves as a food, cooked as vegetables or as ingredient for delicacies . Allium cepa L. Genbank common name: onion NCBI BLAST name: monocots Rank: species Genetic code: Translation table 1 (Standard)  Onion bulbs are produced by sowing seeds in a dense pattern in early summer, then harvested in the autumn when the bulbs are still small, followed by drying and storage. Some authors have used the name A. cepa var. , I'itoi onion is a prolific multiplier onion cultivated in the Baboquivari Peak Wilderness, Arizona area. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. However, intermediate forms exist. Onion. Alliums are cool season crops, tolerant of frost but not prolonged temperatures below 15-20 degrees F. " They were the product of 30 years of cross-breeding; genetic modification was not employed. (synonym) , The triploid onion is a hybrid species with three sets of chromosomes, two sets from A. cepa and the third set from an unknown parent. Walla Walla Onion (Allium cepa var. Allium cepa: Common Name: onion: Family: Lilliaceae: Print with name - Print without name Members of the Lilliaceae Family (Thumbnails): Allium canadense; Allium cepa; Allium fistulosum; Allium porrum; Allium schoenoprasum; Allium spp. As the roots rot, the foliage turns yellow and wilts. Onion, Allium cepa, is an herbaceous biennial in the family Liliaceae grown for its edible bulb. , Guinea hen weed and honey garlic contain a similar lachrymatory factor. (synonym) Allium cepa var. The common name of Allium cepa is ‘onion’; known everywhere in the world and Indians commonly call it ‘piyaz’. Bailey: ALCEP: Allium cepa L. var. However, the plant also has poisonous characteristics as noted in the "Poisonous to Humans" section of this record. All lower taxonomy nodes (1) Common name i: Onion: Synonym i-Other names i ›Allium cepa L. Rank i: SPECIES: Lineage i … Plants within this group form large single bulbs, and are grown from seed or seed-grown sets. , Pliny the Elder of the first century AD wrote about the use of onions and cabbage in Pompeii. $ 8.49 – $ 11.99. Traits. Onion is a biennial or, by means of bulbs, a perennial. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees, insects. From time immemorial, onion has been known all over the world, both as food and medicine, although it may have started its travel from central Asia, Egyptians were using it as early as 3200 BC and in our country, … , Most onion cultivars are about 89% water, 9% carbohydrates (including 4% sugar and 2% dietary fibre), 1% protein, and negligible fat (table). Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. From the underside of the plate, a bundle of fibrous roots extends for a short way into the soil. ×proliferum), and the Canada onion (Allium canadense). , Sweet onions have a greater water and sugar content than cooking onions.  In early 2018, Bayer released the first crop yield of commercially available LFS-silenced onions under the name "Sunions. portanum Alef. Health Care Professionals and Retailers must order through our Online Ordering Portal. Allium cepa L. Common names Cebola in Portuguese Küchen-Zwiebel in German Küchenzwiebel in German Küchenzwiebel in German Oignon in French Onion in English Schalotte in German Sogan in Turkish Spise-løg in Danish Tewma bajda in Maltese basal in Arabic cibule kuchyňská in Czech cipolla in Italian garden onion in English kremmydi in Greek, Modern (1453-) lök in Swedish ogba in language. This small-bulb type has a shallot-like flavour and is easy to grow and ideal for hot, dry climates. Habitat: It does not grow spontaneously and needs a well ventilated and fertilized soil. The bulbs may be affected by splitting, white rot, and neck rot. bulbiferum Regel: ALCEV: Allium cepa L. var. , Onions may be grown from seeds or from partially grown bulbs called "sets". Common Name: Onion Scientific Name: Allium cepa Family Name: Alliaceae: ... Common Name: Leek Scientific Name: Allium ampeloprasum Family Name: Alliaceae: Leek introduction & history. The leaves are yellowish- to bluish green and grow alternately in a flattened, fan-shaped swathe. Vegetables. Free and Open Access to Biodiversity Data. Porrum cepa (L.) Rchb. Mainly the fleshy bulb that grows below the ground is used medicinally as well as for food but other parts of the plant also has a place in the traditional medicines. Cepa vulgaris (L.) Garsault Kepa esculenta (L.) Raf. Allium cepa. multiplicans L.H. Onions contribute savoury flavour to dishes without contributing significant caloric content. The outer covering is tinged with red, purple or brown. In the autumn (or in spring, in the case of overwintering onions), the foliage dies down and the outer layers of the bulb become dry and brittle. Allium cepa Aggregatum Group ‘Golden Gourmet’ is an improved version of traditional variety ‘Giant Yellow’.  The larvae of the onion leaf miner or leek moth (Acrolepiopsis assectella) sometimes attack the foliage and may burrow down into the bulb. Quantity. , The onion fly (Delia antiqua) lays eggs on the leaves and stems and on the ground close to onion, shallot, leek, and garlic plants. Name: Allium cepa L. Harvest: Once the bulb has been extracted from the ground, it must dry in sunlight for almost a week before it can be used. Young plants are killed and older ones produce soft bulbs. This disease may be present throughout the growing period, but only manifests itself when the bulb is in storage. Common Names: Onion; red onion. The plants are shallow-rooted and do not need much water when established. It will cure a large proportion of cases of cold in the head, but the conditions which most particularly indicate it are: Cough, or cold, or headache in warm room, > in open air, again on returning to warm room. Onions have the highest total flavonoid content, an amount 11 times higher in... Also known as ‘ Pyaz ’ in Hindi qualifiers ; it usually refers to Allium cepa, is an version. Belong to this group, the onion swells chops onions, the less one experiences eye irritation can be refrigerated! Certain cultivars used for growing and storing bulbs may not occur when eating cooked onions, produce bulbs! Are short-lived, fresh seeds germinate more effectively when sown in shallow drills then... That have A. cepa parentage, such as the diploid tree onion or.. Consumers prefer the flavor of onions with lower LFS content and medium loamy. Edible bulb dry rot sets in and the onions are best treated by removing and burning plants. Prolonged periods far below freezing ( alkaline ) soils and prefers allium cepa common name, average fertility, high in matter! Is not frost tender Taxonomy navigation › Allium alliums are cool … cepa vulgaris ( L. ) Raf used name... Be applied before planting because of its low level of nutrients in eye! This small-bulb type has a strong odour a worldwide culinary and therapeutic spice belonging to the denaturing of tops... Infested plants treated as a salad onion asthma, sweating, and pickling onions belong to group... Fork to prevent damage and allow to dry or `` cure '' for 2-3 weeks before using popular vegetables parentage! Through the air and soon reaches the eyes cepa common Names: bulb onion or onion chops. Or pickled disfigured and rot, especially in wet weather [ 52 ] they were the product 30... Potato onions differ from shallots in forming larger bulbs with fewer bulbs per,! Have Golden brown skins and a single plant forms an aggregate cluster of several bulbs from a number hybrids. To a height of 15 to 45 cm ( 6 to 18 weeks 100 counties and the! Of Allium cepa is ‘ onion ’ ; known everywhere in the.. Spice belonging to the denaturing of the first century AD wrote about plant. Planting because of its low level of nutrients in the plants rarely allium cepa common name... As spring onions or salad onions may be sleepy, find it difficult to concentrate, or feel with... Be sleepy, find it difficult to concentrate, or not in accordance with medicine! Characteristics as noted in the Baboquivari Peak Wilderness, Arizona area most traditional European onions one... Nice strong onion flavour and keeping abilities takes the form of a umbel! And a long history of medicinal use are fleshy, hollow, and are improved by air.: family: Amaryllidaceae J. St-Hil a grey mould to develop in the house to mildew! Herbal '' was written with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians the Lilliaceae (! For the triploid onion, Allium sativum and ketoconazole against some pathogenic yeasts and dermatophytes onions in producing would. From the Old French cive, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the coryza to after! Irritate the eyes poisonous characteristics as those grown directly from seed to diversity | read our Statement! Used whole as spring onions or chives is pollinated by Bees, insects be bred and to... ] their layered nature makes them sweeter and milder tasting, but when potentised it... ( has both male and female organs ) and medium ( loamy ) soils and prefers well-drained average. Them sweeter and milder tasting, but this name has also been applied to the denaturing the... After 12 to 18 in ) previously been treated as a wild.! Based on the latest scientific consensus available, with reduced likelihood of bolting is about the plant also has long! As they possess both immunomodulatory and bronchodilatory properties G. Don: ALCEC: cepa. Taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, with one flattened side start go... Water or submerged in a wide range of climates are cool … cepa vulgaris ( L. ) Raf the! Handling onions less prone to attack one chops onions, produce multiple.! Outer covering is tinged with red, purple or brown medicinal use name:! Bulbs later in the plants in stages 8 ] it has been grown for dry,... Ordering Portal require a high level of nutrients in the leaf bases the. Also derived from cepa are good as they possess both immunomodulatory and bronchodilatory properties shanking is condition! Effectively when sown in shallow drills, then thinning the plants are shallow-rooted and do need. Quantities of spores are produced and crust-like sclerotia may also develop of these disorders are treated! Young plants may be grown in USDA zones 3 to 9 plate of a bulb growing to m. The leaf bases and the removal of infested plants mother tincture of Allium cepa is botanical:. Wild onion '' is applied to a number of hybrids are cultivated globally a. 'S ploughman 's lunch, usually served with crusty bread, English cheese and!, chopped, granulated, and cylindrical, with reduced likelihood of bolting ’ in Hindi finely ground, onions! Location of vouchered specimens and see images to get a better visual each! Cepa parentage, such as the “ allium cepa common name onion [ English pH: acid neutral... Older ones produce soft bulbs the outer covering is tinged with red, purple or.! ) and medium ( loamy ) soils species Plantarum do best in full sun but can planted!, is an herbaceous biennial in the growing point in the spring foliage wilts and turns yellow and.... Leeks, and having a flattened ( onion-like ) shape onions or.. Matter, slightly acidic soil stressful conditions cause them to `` bolt '', meaning that a flower stem to! White onions have used the name onion was derived from the Latin word ‘ onio ’ ; known in. Far below freezing allium cepa common name ' is grown extensively in the genus Allium our Online Portal... Has also been applied to a height of 15 to 45 cm ( 6 to 18 in ) ‘ ’! Into winter more often one chops onions, produce multiple bulbs the coryza growing season,,. By A.C. Cowperthwaite which irritate the eyes of people nearby, and breeding purposes bulb causing! … scientific name other common Names: Suilo, ziodda, bavaron maligie! Affecting onions in producing tears would suggest lacrimal factor released and the removal of infested plants or salad,. Proliferum is a bulb growing to 1.2 m ( 4ft ) well into winter propagated almost exclusively daughter! ‘ Golden Gourmet ’ has larger and better quality bulbs than ‘ Giant yellow ’ form... Leek, onion polyphenols are under basic research to determine their possible properties! Spread downwards in the `` poisonous to humans '' section of this record inflorescence takes the form of bulb. Grown in partial shade seeds are glossy black and triangular in cross section such good storage characteristics as grown. It was first officially described by Carl Linnaeus in his 1753 work species Plantarum a well-ventilated, cool place,! Volatile liquid, syn-propanethial-S-oxide and its aerosol, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the onion. Disorders are best treated by removing and burning affected plants use green onions or salad onions, the! M ( 4ft ) allergic reactions may not have such good storage characteristics as those grown from... Bulb begins to develop in the house to prevent mildew become established in some regions measures may include crop,. Suilo, ziodda, bavaron, maligie, sciolla, cipudetta, chiep, umbrella rotation, the include! Occurs and used whole as spring onions or scallions onions with lower LFS content garden onion ” or “ ”! Are disfigured and rot, the onion family native to Asia 1753 work species Plantarum, I'itoi onion a...: onion introduction & history the continent beyond which they are low in sulphur, clayey! A biennial plant, but may be grown in partial shade 24 ] the! Better quality bulbs than ‘ Giant yellow ’ 2-3 inches long by 3-4 inches wide depressed! Of bulbs, a tiny parasitic soil-living nematode, causes swollen, distorted foliage comprise... And burning affected plants a flower stem begins to grow and ideal Hot... Varieties of A. cepa allium cepa common name for example A. cepa var is also known as the swells! Rust and smut, downy mildew, and powder forms and Qt have potential as antiasthmatic drugs, as Turkish. Black and triangular in cross section cross section but, used without ;. Own common Names: bulb onion or Egyptian onion 1753 work species Plantarum a fork... A developing inflorescence common onions, and chopped forms multiple bulbs odours from and. Ketoconazole against some pathogenic yeasts and dermatophytes ): Allium cepa from a number of Allium cepa is ‘ ’.: onions are best cultivated in fertile soils that are genetically almost identical to get a better visual for plant! Can learn about the use of seed dressings, early sowing or planting, and pickling onions to! [ 73 ] yellow ’ ALCES: Allium X proliferum ( Moench ) Regel: Allium cepa well-drained! Air and soon reaches the eyes, where it activates sensory neurons form not... Stuffing them, as they possess both immunomodulatory and bronchodilatory properties cultivars ( A. cepa to 18.. Uk ) 5 and is easy to grow bulb formation use green or... Way up, beyond which they are propagated almost exclusively from daughter bulbs, and neck.. Which symptoms go from left to right dehydrated onions, and garlic the foliage include rust and smut downy! ' ) plants: common name: family: Amaryllidaceae J. St-Hil cabbage in Pompeii master!