US Forest Service, FM-RM-VE
Occasionally slightly lighter, with a dark brown or purplish hue. This plant has no children Legal Status. Black Cottonwood USDA POBAT: Bella Coola Drug, Pulmonary Aid Infusion of buds and animal fat taken for whooping cough. Last Saturday JT, Ethnobotany Guide Extraordinaire, lead us, ethnobots, on a foraging walkabout around the Seattle Jackson Place, Judkins Park and International District. Black cottonwood also has been planted as windbreaks and shelterbelts and it is commonly used for screening along motorways in Europe. Both Cottonwood Trees and Willow Trees produce their own rooting hormone, called auxin. This native tree grows rapidly. The aggressive root systems of black cottonwood are effective soil Vegetative characters are variable even on the same plant. Effect of harvest cycle and spacing on productivity of black cottonwood in intensive culture. The resin is used in medicine and perfume. Both Cottonwood Trees and Willow Trees produce their own rooting hormone, called auxin. balsamifera. HEILMAN,P., AND D. V. PEABODY. trichocarpa temporarily flooded forest alliance, Populus balsamifera ssp. The fluffy seeds can travel 20 miles on a breeze, they can be carried on streams and rivers and rest in a vernal pool. Brayshaw â black cottonwood Subordinate Taxa. 11. During the late spring, seeds are released in the wind with fine hairs. The light weight, fine, and evenly textured wood is one of the popular lumber types for the manufacturing of boxes and pallets. The balsam used by churches is often derived from another subspecies, P. balsamifera ssp. ... ETHNOBOTANY. Plant Profiles - Ethnobotany Submitted by admin on Mon, 06/27/2016 - 3:40pm These profiles were created by ES 421 students as a part of their final plant project. Populus balsamifera ssp. Refâ¦ Trichocarpa means “hairy-fruited,” referring to the cottony fluff that helps disperse the minute seeds for long distances. Black cottonwoods are very fast growing and are easy to propagate with stem cuttings. Here in the Pacific Northwest, Native Americans utilized an incredible diversity of trees for edible cambium including Western Hemlock (Tsuga heterophylla), Sitka Spruce (Picea sitchensis), Bigleaf Maple (Acer macrophyllum), Red Alder, Lodgepole Pine, Quaking Aspen (Populus tremuloides), and Black Cottonwood.The air alighting with Cottonwood down is a pretty dramatic phenological â¦ Formerly: Populus balsamifera spp. Names: Black Cottonwood is also known as Balsam Poplar. Black cottonwood series NVCS (2009) Populus balsamifera ssp. ), Quaking Aspen (Populus tremuloides) from the Tetons in Wyoming, and Black Cottonwood or a Black / Narrowleaf Cottonwood (Populus angustifolia) hybrid from the Great Basin National Park, Nevada. Vancouver (BC): Lone Pine Publishing. During spring and summer, the light green leaves of the tall trees often indicate a source of water in the deserts the Great Basin or Modoc Plateau. Also like willows, leaf buds contain salicin which is a powerful anti-inflamatory and pain-reducer. Click on a place name to â¦ For questions regarding the UWB/CC Plant Tour, contact Sarah at email@example.com. Collection and study from a 2016 road trip. trichocarpa temporarily flooded woodland alliance Calveg: Black cottonwood Holland: North Coast black cottonwood riparian forest, Montane black cottonwood riparian forest Munz Cottonwood is a well-known, common tree along rivers and streams throughout the West.Cultivation of hybrid poplars (Populus trichocarpa x. P. deltoides) can produce very high yields of fiber or fuel in 2-to-8-year rotations. Photo by Charles Webber, California Academy of Science. Cottonwood Populus balsamifera This is one of my all time favorite resin buds to infuse. Color/Appearance: Often completely black, with little or no discernible grain. ... Populis balsamifera, Black Cottonwood. Black Cottonwood contains a large amount of rooting hormone, just like willows, so it is useful for plant propagation. It grows in my backyard along the Raging River and throughout the Snoqualmie Valley. Mailstop Code: 1103
Prunus virginiana Chokecherry. The leaf blades are oval to heart-shaped, with a point on the end; the petioles are 1-2 in. Exact identification of these trees and shrubs is extremely difficult. The name of another New Mexican town, Alamogordo, means “the fat cottonwood tree.”. The flowers are grouped into catkins from 1½ to 3 inches long; the trees are dioecious, meaning that ‘male’ and ‘female’ flowers are borne on separate trees. Balsam is a term for various plant saps with a pleasing odor. Economic uses of the black cottonwood include course lumber and the manufacture of wood products such as paper. The pale yellow sapwood is usually very thin, and is clearly demarcated from the darker heartwood. Black cottonwood’s have a high nitrate uptake making them useful tools for buffering agricultural areas. The black cottonwoods are still used commercially for particle board, plywood and veneer. Turner, Nancy J., 1973, The Ethnobotany of the Bella Coola Indians of British Columbia, Syesis 6:193-220, page 210 Populus balsamifera ssp. Leaf shapes can vary between diamond or heart-shaped with a finely serrated margin. Black Cottonwood Forest â Portland Walking among forests of giant cottonwoods or any gigantic trees is a humbling and profound experience. [â¦] Trichocarpa means with hairy fruits, referring to its fluffy seeds. Black cottonwoods. Title: Black Cottonwood - Native Plant Trail Sign This species is the tallest and largest of the three cottonwoods, and can reach up to 150 feet in height. Genetic variation and productivity of Populus trichocarpa and its hybrids. Related Species: White Poplar (Populus alba) Balsam Poplar (Populus balsamifera) Eastern Cottonwood (Populus deltoides) Bigtooth Aspen (Populus grandidentata) Black Poplar (Populus nigra) European Aspen (Populus tremula) Quaking Aspen (Populus tremuloides) Related Articles: Black Cottonwood contains a large amount of rooting hormone, just like willows, so it is be useful for plant propagation. I98 1. Relationships: There are more than 300 species of willow worldwide, mostly in the northern hemisphere. Black Cottonwood contains a large amount of rooting hormone, just like willows, so it is useful for plant propagation. WSDOT Ethnobotany and Cultural Resources M 3120.01 Page iii April 2016 Foreword Ethnobotany is the study of the relationship between cultures and plants. The more tender inner bark was used for food in the spring and summer, and old dead leaves were boiled and used in baths to treat body aches and stomach problems. Habitat: In Washington state, this tree can be found along wetlands, streambanks, lake shores, and moist woods. - black cottonwood stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images The cottony seeds are often seen drifting in a summer breeze, giving the tree its common name of Cottonwood. Leaves: leathery/waxy dark green upper surface, with a lighter green underside. It is known as a good light wood. The bark is rough and dark-colored, thus “black cottonwood”. Small native tree or large shrub growing to 45 ft. tall and 15-25 ft. wide. Photo by Susan McDougal. The following points should help you to identify a black cottonwood. Black cottonwood is a large deciduous tree belonging to the willow family (Salicaceae). Black cottonwood is a Pacific Northwest native deciduous tree which can eventually grow to a height of 150â with a width of 40â. spring. Brayshaw Black Cottonwood USDA POBAT trichocarpa; photos by Heidi Bohan) The amazing smell of these barks, roots and buds as they are gathered and prepared are each so distinctive, each with their own medicine. Also like willows, leaf buds contain salicin which is a powerful anti-inflamatory and pain-reducer. Photo by Linda Swartz. The root systems help stabilize the soil, which is especially important for the restoration and conservation of riparian (river) areas they are commonly found growing in. Washington DC 20250-1103, Pollinator-Friendly Best Management Practices, Native Plant Material Accomplishment Reports, Fading Gold: The Decline of Aspen in the West, Wildflowers, Part of the Pagentry of Fall Colors, Tall Forb Community of the Intermountain West, Strategic Planning, Budget And Accountability, Recreation, Heritage And Volunteer Resources, Watershed, Fish, Wildlife, Air And Rare Plants. Tolerates moisture. Black Cottonwood is the largest hardwood tree in western North America. The tree, a member of the Salicaceae (willow family) can reach to 100 feet tall, and achieve a 6 foot trunk diameter. Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. & Gray ex Hook.) Biomass production in a 4-year plantation. 1985. Black cottonwood leaf buds and stems protected by resins which allow for early leaf growth; the resins are also medicine for people (Populus balsamifera ssp. Males are green to red, females are green/pale yellow. Native Americans and herbal products companies use the resin for medicinal purposes as well, particularly for respiratory ailments. âWeâre fortunate to have a campus with so many native plants,â says ethnobotany PhD candidate Fiona Hamersley Chambers, pointing to Garry oak and historic camas meadows, Oregon grape, salal, grand fir, Douglas fir, black cottonwood and especially springbank cloverâa food that was traditionally cultivated by First Peoples. black bears in anchorage, alaska. Common names are from state and federal lists. The trees are fast-growing taking 30-75 years to reach maturity. Black Cottonwood. Traditional Uses of Cottonwood While most herbalists are using cottonwood buds to relieve inflammation, pain, and as an antimicrobial, there are many additional â¦ Paddling into quiet Willamette River off-channel alcoves that are ringed with stately cottonwoods is like entering into an aquatic cathedral with â¦ southcentral alaska. Populus balsamifera ssp. The infused oil smells incredible and is highly beneficial in salves, gels, or massage oils for its anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties. The tree develops a straight cylindrical trunk with a narrow crown. The Spanish name for cottonwoods is “álamo,” leading the conclusion that the proper Spanish name for this tree is “álamo negro.” This name has lent itself to some famous places in America, such as the Alamo in San Antonio, site of a famous battle for Texan independence, as well as Los Alamos, New Mexico, site of American nuclear laboratories. The Fremont Cottonwood, also known as the Western Cottonwood or the Rio Grande Cottonwood, Populus fremontii, occurs in California east to Utah and Arizona and south into northwest Mexico. Bark: Mature bark is brown and rugged and looks similar to Douglas-fir’s bark. 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