The question about ethnicity asks what ethnic group you belong to, and allows you to choose more than one. The Census provides us with a count of the total population in Dunedin City in 2018 as well as several sub-populations such as the Māori population and the overseas born. For many decades post-enumeration rules were used to allocate people who acknowledged their mixed descent to one race group. However, ethnicity is also output as a single response variable, for people who reported only one ethnicity, and as a combination response variable, for people who reported more than one ethnicity. As of the 2013 Census, the Māori were the country’s largest ethnic minority, representing 15.6 percent of the total population (Stats NZ – Tatauranga Aotearoa, n.d.). Interim figures for Census 2018 released by Stats NZ in July indicate that full or partial … Standard output Ethnicity total response standard output. In 2018, almost two-thirds of the Pacific population lived in Auckland (243,970 Pacific people, 15.5% of the population). More than 65,000 people identified their ethnicity simply as 'New Zealander', while 81 refused to answer and 222 said they didn't know. According to Boyd … Using this question consistently gives us the ability to compare across datasets and over time. A analysis of statistical information (not individual data) is available at . In published three-digit level data from the 2001 census, ethnic groups include … For example, the Māori economy is especially reliant on primary industries like farming [. ISBN 978-0-9864682-2-3 This document is available at: www.ethnicity.maori.nz. Share this item Post to Pinterest Post … As with the classification of the 2006 and 2013 Censuses, ‘New Zealander’ or ‘Kiwi’ responses were coded to ‘other’, whilst ‘Pākeha’ was coded to ‘New Zealand European’ at level two of the classification. ‘No information’ in the data sources table, is the percentage of the subject population coded to ‘not stated’. In 2018, the New Zealand population included: The Māori population is concentrated in the upper and central North Island. The geography corresponds to 2018 boundaries. Level four has 180 categories and five residual categories. Statistics NZ released aggregated, confidentialised data from the 2006 Census including information on age, ethnicity, income, workplace, dwelling size and other variables. In 2018, the New Zealand population included: 70.2% European (3,297,860 people) Earnings for people in paid employment by region, sex, age groups and ethnic groups; Earnings from main wage and salary job by industry (ANZSIC 2006), sex, age groups, and ethnic … Other changes to the method of collection led to expected variation at the lower levels of the classification. I’m of European descent, but separated from any actual European ancestors by 100-350 years. But there is a difference between NZ … Phone: 0508 525 525 (toll-free in New Zealand) Information about people in New Zealand includes details about the population (eg births, deaths, age, education, ethnicity, life expectancy), the communities we live in (eg families and households, housing, work and … As at the 2018 census, the majority of New Zealand's population is of European descent (70 percent), with the indigenous Māori being the largest minority (16.5 percent), followed by Asians (15.3 percent), and non-Māori Pacific Islanders (9.0 percent). 2001, 2006 & 2013 Census years, number of people. New Zealand has more ethnicities than there are countries in the world, the 2013 census has revealed. The six major ethnic groups in New Zealand, 2006, 2013, and 2018 Censuses We can use the 2018 Census ethnic group summaries to learn more about one of our smallest population groups – MELAA. 2019 CENSUS OF BOARD DIVERSITY IN AOTEAROA NEW ZEALAND BY GENDER AND ETHNICITY The 2019 census on the boards of Aotearoa New Zealand’s top 100 companies by market capitalisation shows stalled progress towards gender and ethnic diversity. Ethnicity, national identity and ‘New Zealanders’: considerations for monitoring Māori health and ethnic inequalities. An ethnic group is made up of people who have some or all of the following characteristics: The key output variables derived from ethnicity are: We assign a priority level to all census variables: Priority 1, 2, or 3 (with 1 being highest and 3 being the lowest priority). To calculate a data sources and coverage quality score for a variable, each data source is rated and multiplied by the proportion it contributes to the total output. Part B: Regional Aspects Contribution of Working Group II to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. What is not clear from the information generally put out for public consumption is that your answer is then moderated using a hierarchy of ethnicity.
New Zealand, About population and environmental health, Social vulnerability indicators for natural hazards, People with a chronic health condition or disability, Māori and Pacific peoples are more vulnerable to environmental risks, https://www.stats.govt.nz/2018-census/data-quality-for-2018-census. Māori are often more vulnerable to environmental risks, like indigenous populations in many other countries. PO Box 756
the person is also counted once in the number of ethnic groups specified variable as ‘3 – Three’. When using this data you should be aware that: Although surveys and sources other than the census collect ethnicity data, data users are advised to familiarise themselves with the strengths and limitations of the sources before use. a person had to select one of the ethnicity options in order to proceed. Ethnicity and ethnic data is collected by Statistics New Zealand through the Census. Pacific peoples may be more exposed to environmental risks, for example second-hand smoke and household crowding, and the urban environment. (p.13) Statistics New Zealand identifies European, Māori, Pacific, Asian and MeLAA (Middle Eastern, Latin American and African) as New Zealand’s main ethnic groups. Ask in the right way. 1992). Reisinger A, Kitching R, Chiew F, Hughes L, Newton P, Schuster S, et al. The U.S. Census Bureau must adhere to the 1997 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) standards on race and ethnicity which guide the Census Bureau in classifying written responses to the race question: White – A person having origins in any of the original peoples of Europe, the Middle East, or North Africa. Some ethnic groups are more susceptible to environmental changes than others. Ethnicity is a hierarchical classification with four levels. This section describes the ethnic distribution of the New Zealand population. conversely, admin data was not always available to level four of the classification. The geographies correspond to 2013 Census boundaries. Most people (84.1 percent) stated their … Incomes. Edits were run to improve the quality of data, in particular for responses received from paper forms. An important group for consideration in New Zealand’s census work is the Māori, the indigenous people of New Zealand. However, it is important to note that the impact of the mode (online or paper) on data quality may vary across ethnic groups. The Census provides us with a count of the total population in Wairoa District in 2018 as well as several sub-populations such as the Māori population and the overseas born. Currently, 86.8 % of the population of New Zealand is urban (4,150,968 people in 2019) Population Density The 2019 population density in New Zealand is 18 people per Km 2 (47 people per mi 2 ), calculated on a total land area of 263,310 Km2 (101,665 sq. Ethnic groups of people residing in Christchurch City, New Zealand 2001, 2006 & 2013 Census years, number of people. multiple responses were possible as with the online form but respondents were limited to 39 characters in the supporting free text field. 3. Going by the 2013 census that puts me in a small minority, just 2.1% of people in Otago were New Zealanders, and 1.6% nationwide. URL: https://www.stats.govt.nz/reports/initial-report-of-the-2018-census-external-data-quality-panel (accessed 24/08/20). Stats NZ collaborated with census experts from both countries when designing the model. Get statistics from the 2018 Census, information about how we produce it, and our strategy for collection and outputs. A lack of staff and paper forms in some communities resulted in just 68 percent of Māori completing the census, which was conducted online for the first time. Going by the 2013 census that puts me in a small minority, just 2.1% of people in Otago were New Zealanders, and 1.6% nationwide. Data was evaluated to assess whether it meets quality standards and is suitable for use. In recent previous censuses, non-response was the percentage of the subject population coded to ‘not stated’. Thyroid eye disease (TED), also known as thyroid-associated orbitopathy or Graves’ orbitopathy, is an inflammatory condition resulting in cicatricial effects within the orbit. This question applies to all people in New Zealand on census night. The number of New Zealand Europeans grew, but not as fast as other groups, and now represented 70 per cent of the population, compared to 74 per … Number of ethnicity codes reported Ethnicity_1 Ethnicity_2 Ethnicity_3 Comment; 3 codes: 99: 21: 10: Cannot have 99 as ethnicity_1 when there are valid codes in ethnicity_2 or ethnicity_3: 3 codes: 21: 11: 11: Entry in Ethnicity_3 not required, it is the same as the code in Ethnicity_2: 3 codes: 21: 11: 21 For example, a person of Samoan, Tongan, and German ethnicity would be counted: The classification of ethnicity in the 2018 Census is consistent with the 2013 Census, with minor changes at level four of the classification. However, it was possible to select ‘other’ without providing an answer to the free text-box. Percentage of ‘not elsewhere included’ for the census night population: 2013 Census data user guide provides more information about non-response in the 2013 Census. Ethnicity is self-perceived and a person can belong to Massey University – Wellington Campus
Ethnicity is a measure of cultural affiliation. When it was not possible to use 2013 Census responses or admin data, we used within household donor imputation, finding the person closest of age in the usual residence and copying their ethnicity. Ethnicity is the ethnic group or groups a person identifies with or has a sense of belonging to. ‘Subject population’ means the people, families, households, or dwellings to whom the variable applies. or explore . Ethnicity is the ethnic group or groups a person identifies with or has a sense of belonging to. Any issues with the variable appear in a low number of cases (typically in the low hundreds). For more information, please refer to the Ethnicity page on the Stats NZ Census website. New Zealand also has a large migrant population, bringing a wide range of different ethnicities. Ratings for other sources are the best estimates available of their quality relative to a census response. It is also used by councils, community groups, iwi (Māori tribes or collectives) and businesses to plan for the future, and it helps the government make decisions about which services are needed and which locations should be prioritised. census is a key source of information on ethnicity for small areas and small populations. Initial Report of the 2018 Census External Data Quality Panel. The acknowledgement of complex ethnicity in the New Zealand census has, in some ways, been less problematic than deciding how such people ought to be statistically represented. In V Barros, C Field, D Dokken, M Mastrandrea, K Mach, T Bilir, M Chatterjee, K Ebi, Y Estrada, R Genova, B Girma, E Kissel, A Levy, S MacCracken, P Mastrandrea and L White (Eds. (opens a new window) Community profile Social atlas Population forecast The External Data Quality Panel has provided an independent assessment of the quality of this variable and has rated it as moderate quality. Provide descriptive and analytical profiles of the demographic, social and economic characteristics of different ethnic groups and produce statistics on the changing ethnic diversity of New Zealand's population. People are encouraged to write in their ethnicity using their own words if they don’t identify with any groups in the list. They are taken primarily for population studies, taxation, and military purposes. Where this is not possible, information is coded to level two or to level three. The census is one of New Zealand’s most important data sources and much of the census data is released for re-use. The rating for a valid census response is defined as 1.00. PDF; The Census population of Dunedin City in 2018 was 126,255. Ethnic group indicators are derived at level one of the ethnicity classification, such as the Māori ethnic group indicator and Pacific Peoples ethnic group indicator. The Census population of Wairoa District in 2018 was 8,367. that the 2006 Census use the same ethnicity question as that used in the 2001 Census ; that Statistics New Zealand continue to educate respondents, users and producers of ethnicity data about the concept of ethnicity ; that a comprehensive programme of research into the measurement of ethnicity in official statistics be completed by the end of 2009 Data sources, editing, and imputation in the 2018 Census has more information on the Canadian census edit and imputation system (CANCEIS) that was used to derive donor responses. Information in censuses may include residences, ages, birthplaces, family members and relationships, occupations, emigration dates and migration. I’m not the same ethnicity as a Black or Asian American. 2018 Census Individual (part 1) total New Zealand by Statistical Area 1 - Stats NZ | | GIS Map Data Datafinder Geospatial Statistics - Download GIS data as Shapefile (SHP), DWG, MapInfo, CSV, Google Earth (KML). For a fuller discussion of ethnicity data in the population census over time see, for example, Brown 1983, Statistics New Zealand 1999, or the accompanying discussion paper ‘The politics and practice of counting’ (Cormack 2010) (available on the website www.ethnicity.maori.nz). Data included summary statistics, aggregate data in the NZ.Stat tool available via the Statistics NZ website (previously Infoshare and Tablebuilder), and a meshblock dataset. Total response output shows the counts of all responses given for each ethnic group (see Glossary and references).Output tables need to state how many ethnicities are output per person as the number of ethnic groups recorded may differ between collections. There has been an ethnicity question in the Census since 1991. Indicators New Zealand
2. The counts are at the highest level of each variable’s classification. Stats NZ and the 2018 Census External Data Quality Panel (EDQP) have produced a rating system to help the users understand the quality-related issues and impacts of the 2018 Census dataset. In 2006, the highest median annual personal incomes for people who were aged 15 years and over and usually living in New Zealand on census night were for those who identified with the: Other Ethnicity category ($31,200). OIA0205 Jonathan Census Ethnicity Ashkenazi.pdf 221K Download View as HTML. The 2018 Census was held on 6 March 2018. The census is usually held every five years, but in 2011 New Zealand suffered from a major earthquake, which pushed the 2011 census back to 2013. For the grouped ethnicity total response output variable, if two or more of an individual's ethnic groups fall into the same broad level one ethnic group category, then the person is only counted once in that category. Acknowledgements We would like to acknowledge those whose prior work and theorising contributed to the direction of this paper. Māori can have less capacity to respond to environmental risks. Missing responses from paper forms, responses outside of scope and other residuals have been replaced with 2013 Census data, admin data or statistical imputation in 2018. the as-you-type online functionality allowed for more detailed responses – for example reducing counts in the ‘British nfd’ category whilst increasing counts for the ‘English’, ‘Scottish’, ‘Irish’ and ‘Welsh’ categories. However, these causes of vulnerability need to be balanced against factors that will increase their coping capacity. A Time for Change in Māori Economic Development. This question allows people to identify with one or more of the listed ethnicities and/or write in their own response. Information from the official census helps determine how billions of dollars of government funding are spent across the country. However, ethnicity data on the census night population includes overseas visitors for whom we couldn’t complete their ethnicity information using other data sources. It takes a snapshot of the people in New Zealand and the places where we live. We recommend that the use of the data can be similar to its use in 2013. In the most recent New Zealand census in 2013, 74 percent of the population identified as … We have assessed the quality of all the data sources that contribute to the output for the variable. In 2018, the majority of people identified as being Māori in the territorial authorities of Chatham Islands (66.1% of the population), Wairoa (65.7%), Ōpōtiki (63.7%), Kawerau (61.7%), and Gisborne (52.9%) (Figure 1). Note: In the 2006 Census, the 'New Zealand' responses were classified under 'Other ethnicity', resulting in a noticeable difference between the 2006 and other census years. This census counted 4,242,048 people, up from 4,027,947 in 2006. Statistics NZ collects its most comprehensive information from the five-yearly census, the latest information being from 2013. Please find attached response as requested. Priority 1 variables are core census variables that have the highest priority in terms of quality, time, and resources across all phases of a census. Population changes, primarily migration, births and deaths drive the majority of change for this variable. Ethnicity is a priority 1 variable. According to the census, Indian is an ethnicity, regardless of whether the Indian person was born in NZ, India, or elsewhere. The second will be … Priority 1 variables are core census variables that have the highest priority in terms of quality, time, and resources across all phases of a census. However, data on ethnicity is usually output for the census usually resident subject population. • Years since arrival in New Zealand, for the overseas-born • Ethnic group (grouped total responses) • Six languages (total responses) • Māori descent . There were differences in the ethnicity question format and the way a person could respond to the question between the modes of collection (online and paper forms): Data from the online forms may therefore be of higher overall quality than data from paper forms. Stats NZ says it has plugged enough of the gaps in last year’s census to be able to start releasing data from September, but some data – including iwi statistics – are too incomplete to be regarded as official statistics. Definitions. The Census variable of 'ethnicity' had an EDQP rating of 'moderate', particularly for levels of the ethnicity classification below Level 1 (note that Level 1 ethnic groups are presented on this webpage) . Figure 1: Māori population, by territorial authority, 2018 (% of the total population). 2007. 2019. Statistics NZ released aggregated, confidentialised data from the 2006 Census including information on age, ethnicity, income, workplace, dwelling size and other variables. Māori can be more sensitive to environmental changes. The use of admin enumeration means ethnicity data was available for people who may have previously been missed from the census. Data quality processes section below has more detail on the rating for this variable. At the highest levels of geography, ethnicity data has only minor data quality issues. For the ethnicity total response output variable, an individual can be counted in as many ethnic groups as they choose. The way the census defines ethnicity makes it difficult for an American born White person like me to decide what to put on it. Since the last review of ethnic statistics in 1988 there have been changes in New Zealand society, the requirements of users and the collection of ethnicity data by other agencies. Census ethnicity data is given the highest priority, followed by birth data and then the Ministry of Health data (the full ranking can be found in the IDI wiki under the ‘central tables’ heading). It is a measure of cultural affiliation (in contrast to race, ancestry, nationality, or citizenship). 3 In 1991 the share increased to 4%, prompting some commentators to ponder whether Canadian was an “evolving indigenous category” (Pryor et al. https://www.stats.govt.nz/reports/initial-report-of-the-2018-census-external-data-quality-panel. 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